Fieldwork on Coastal Environment (BES-2017).
The department of Environmental Science of BUP successfully conducted a fieldwork on the coastal region of Bangladesh, by the 3rd year students (DES-2017). This fieldwork was held from 5th-11th December, 2019, arranged under the academic course titled as ‘Field work on Coastal Environment’ (ENV-3206) in Saint Martin Island and Cox’s Bazar. The field trip was coordinated by Lecturer Alamgir Kabir, Lecturer Mahbub Alam, Lecturer Fowzia Ahmed and one field expert Professor Dr. A. K. M. Rashidul Islam.
The prime aim of the field study was to find out the ecological condition of the area by analyzing integrated data sets of water quality parameters and quadrant method. Also, the students studied the available natural and manmade resources and evaluated the natural and artificial processes of the area along with some surveys among the local people.
Students were divided into 8 groups consisting of 6 students each for data collection and surveys. A brief discussion on the field study is given below:
On the first day, the students were given a brief lecture on the ecology and geomorphology of Saint Martin Island. They observed the coral reefs and primary colonizers of coral reef ecosystem by photo census. They also conducted the water quality by measuring the parameters near Nil Digonto Resort and perceived the natural phenomena of marine environment such as identification of plants and animals, erosional and depositional landforms of coastal area.
The students on their second day, hiked to Chhera dwip, the extension of Saint Martin's Island at the mouth of the Naf River in the Bay of Bengal, guided by their field expert and faculties. They observed the local and invasive plants of the island and learnt about their significance. On the island, the students divided into their assigned groups and observed the water quality parameters and primary colonizers of reef ecosystem at different locations. The students also learnt about one of the most diversified area of coastal environment, Tidal Pool, and observed the water quality and species diversity there as well. They took photos and videos of different patterns of corals and colorful marine species for further identifications. Later on, the students gave a brief presentation of their acquired knowledge and discussed their recommendations for the betterment of the island with the faculties.
On the third day, the students took part in an exam on the field of Coast Guard Station near the Light House Resort. Later, they initiated a beach cleaning program on the eastern part of the island and collected plastics, polythene, styrofoam and other types of waste from the beach that are hazardous for the ecosystem of the island. Afterwards they divided into their subgroups and conducted surveys among the local residents of the island and observed the socio-economic condition of the islanders. On their way to Teknaf, they determined the pH, temperature, DO, BOD, EC, Turbidity, Salinity of Naf River from different locations.
The students conducted the fourth day of their field study at Cox’s bazar. They divided into three points of the longest sea beach of the world; Shugondha point, Kolatoli point and Laboni point. They collected the water sample from four different locations at Shugondha point, four different locations at Kolatoli point and two different locations at Laboni point and afterwards measured the parameters. They also observed the plant diversity of the beach and later they talked with the local residents of Cox’s Bazar and discussed their livelihood and other socio-economic aspects.
On their last day of the field tour, the students started their journey to the Bangladesh Oceanographic Research Institute (BORI). There, they learnt the importance of ensuring the development and utilization of the country's maritime resources and the significance of marine science. After their observation, students visited the Inani sea beach and collected the water quality measurements and local surveys. Afterwards, they had an industrial tour to the Beach Sand Minerals Exploitation Centre (BSMEC) at Kolatoli under Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission. They observed the process of sand separation by laboratory method.
At last, the fieldwork ended on 11th December.